Toyota is planning to roll out its first vehicle powered by electric propulsion on the road in the next year, after a decade of work.
The RAV 4, which Toyota has been developing for nearly a decade, will be driven on highways in the United States from 2017 to 2020, according to the company.
The Toyota ROV4 will be powered by its Prius hybrid, which uses electric motors to make its own electricity.
Toyota also plans to roll it out on public roads in 2018, and will also use electric batteries for the first time in a vehicle that can reach 100 kilometers (62 miles) of range.
The Prius Hybrid has been the industry’s lead for a decade.
But it only reached 80 kilometers (50 miles) in the last two years, according a Toyota spokesperson.
The first-generation RAVs have a range of 1,200 kilometers (750 miles) on public highways.
Toyota hopes to push the RAV family farther than that in 2021 with the first of four vehicles that can go 100 kilometers on public roadways.
The company said the ROV 4 is powered by a hybrid Prius that uses a hydrogen fuel cell system, which is the world’s first.
The battery pack in the RIV4 is a lithium-ion battery pack, the company said.
Toyota has long been exploring alternative fuels and electric vehicles, and the company’s goal is to reduce emissions by up to 30 percent by 2025.
“Toyota’s goal with this new vehicle is to achieve a goal that no other automaker has ever achieved,” Toyota CEO Masayoshi Son said in a statement.
“By taking on the challenges of a new generation of vehicles, we hope to accelerate the pace of technological change.”
The ROV is a Toyota subsidiary that has worked on electric vehicles since the late 1990s, but it hasn’t built a vehicle powered entirely by electricity since 2011.
The RAV series has been used primarily by Toyota’s production and research divisions.
Toyota has a long history of working on electric propulsion.
In 2005, the Japanese automaker introduced its first electric vehicle, the R7, a car with a 100-kilowatt-hour (62-mile-per-hour) battery pack that went on sale in 2003.
The previous year, Toyota sold the first Prius car to China.
That same year, it sold the Toyota Supra to China, and it later sold the Nissan Leaf to the United Arab Emirates.
Last year, the automaker announced it was buying the lithium-sulfur battery maker Amperex for $1.2 billion, with plans to build a 1,500-kilometer (620-mile) range EV on a factory in Mexico.