Transport chains for automobiles, trucks, buses, trains, ships, boats, trains and ships are in the news again this week as an array of new vehicles and equipment, including electric, hydrogen, biofuels, battery storage and smart grid solutions is expected to replace fossil fuel vehicles.

This article looks at some of the most significant changes coming to these technologies and what the impact might be on emissions.

This will include a look at the major factors behind the current state of the art in this field.